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Aqeedah
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June 10, 2024

The Love Between The Ahl al-Bayt and the Sahaba

The Ahl al-Bayt are wives of the Prophet ﷺ, the children of the Prophet ﷺ, members of his family who accepted Islam, and those from Banu Hashim and Banu al-Muttalib. What was the relationship of the Ahl al-Bayt with the sahaba after the passing away of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ? In this article, we delve deeper into this and focus on the relationship primarily between the Ahl al-Bayt and the families of Abu Bakr and Umar.

Who Are The Ahl al-Bayt?

The Ahl al-Bayt are wives of the Prophet ﷺ, the children of the Prophet ﷺ, members of his family who accepted Islam, and those from Banu Hashim and Banu al-Muttalib and their freed slaves. None from the Ahl al-Bayt can accept zakat.

From part of a longer hadith, Zayd bin Arqam رضي الله عنه narrated, "...Once the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) stood amongst us in order to address us at an oasis called Hama between Makkah and Madinah. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) praised and glorified Allah. He then advised us and reminded us and thereafter said, “O people, I am but a human. Soon a messenger of my Lord will come and I will accept his request. (Referring to his death) I leave amongst you two weighty things: the first being the Qur’an which is filled with guidance and light, So hold onto it with steadfastness. Thereafter the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) urged us and emphasised concerning the Qur’an. Then the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “My Ahl al-Bayt. Remember Allah when dealing with my Ahl al-Bayt. Remember Allah when dealing with my Ahl al-Bayt.”

(One of the narrators) Husayn asked Zayd, “Who are the Ahl al-Bayt? Are not the wives of the Messenger (ﷺ) Ahl al-Bayt?” Zayd replied, “Yes, His wives are also from the Ahl al-Bayt. However, the Ahl al-Bayt are those amongst whom it is not permitted to distribute Zakat.” Husayn asked, “Who are they?” Zayd replied, “They are the progeny of Ali, Aqeel, Ja’far, and Abbas.” [Muslim]

The sahabah asked, “O Allah’s Messenger, How should we send salutations upon you?” The Allah’s Messenger replied, “Say, 

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ

‘O Allah, I ask you to send salawat upon Muhammad, his wives, and his progeny; just as you sent salawat upon Ibrahim and I ask you to send blessings upon Muhammad, his wives, and his progeny just as you sent blessings upon the family of Ibrahim. You are indeed the Most Praiseworthy, the Most Glorious.’” [Bukhari]

Allah referred to the wives as part of Ahl al-Bayt when they were commanded, 

وَقَرْنَ فِى بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ ٱلْجَـٰهِلِيَّةِ ٱلْأُولَىٰ ۖ وَأَقِمْنَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَءَاتِينَ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ وَأَطِعْنَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥٓ ۚ إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ ٱلرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ ٱلْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًۭا

Settle in your homes, and do not display yourselves as women did in the days of (pre-Islamic) ignorance. Establish prayer, pay zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah only intends to keep (the causes of) evil away from you and purify you completely, O  members of the (Prophet’s) family! [Surah al-Ahzab, 33]

The Status of Abu Bakr and Umar In The Eyes of the Ahl al-Bayt

Imam Musa bin Uqbah رحمه الله narrated that Abd ar-Rahman bin Awf رضي الله عنه said, “Abu Bakr gave an address (khutbah) and said, 'By Allah, I was never eager for a position of command for even as long as a day or a night, and I never desired it, and I have never asked Allah for it in secret nor openly. However, I was afraid of dissension. I will have no rest in command. I have been invested with a mighty matter for which I have not the energy, nor the power, except it be by Allah's strengthening.” Ali and Az-Zubayr said, “We were not angry except that we were too late for the counsel, and we see Abu Bakr as the person most fitted for it. He was the Companion of the Cave. We know his honour and his excellence. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ ordered him to lead the people in prayer while he was yet alive.” [al-Maghazi]

Similarly, Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri رضي الله عنه said, “When Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) climbed the pulpit, he looked at the faces of the people who were before him. Not finding Zubayr bin al-Awwam (رضي الله عنه)(رضي الله عنه) anywhere among the crowd, Abu Bakr summoned for him to come. When Zubayr came (a short while later), Abu Bakr said to him, ‘O cousin and helper of the Messenger of Allah, do you want to break the stick of the Muslims (i.e. do you want to be the cause of disunity)?’ Zubayr said, ‘There is no blame upon you (for what you say), O Khalifah of the Messenger of Allah.’ after which he stood up and pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr. 

Abu Bakr then looked in the faces of the crowd, and, not finding Ali bin Abi Talib (رضي الله عنه) anywhere among them, summoned for him to come. When Ali came (a short while later), Abu Bakr said, ‘O cousin of the Messenger of Allah, do you want to break the stick of the Muslims (i.e. do you want to be the cause of disunity)?’ Ali responded, ‘There is no blame upon you (for what you say), O Khalifah of the Messenger of Allah.” after which he stood up and pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr.” [al-Bidayah wan Nihayah]

This authentic narration was deemed so important by Imam Muslim bin al-Hajjaj رحمه الله (compiler of Sahih Muslim), that he went to his teacher, Imam Muhammad bin Ishaq al-Khuzaymah رحمه الله, and asked him about it. bin al-Khuzaymah wrote out the hadith for him and read it for him. Speaking figuratively, Imam Muslim said, “This hadith is worth a badanah (a large cow that is slaughtered in Makkah, i.e. this hadith is something of great value).” bin Khuzaymah responded, “This hadith is not only equal to a badanah; instead, it is equal to a badarah (a bag that contains 1000 or 10,000 gold coins; or in other words, this ḥadīth is a priceless treasure).

Ja’far bin Muhammad narrates from his father that a man once said to Ali bin Abi Talib رضي الله عنه, “O Ameer al-Mu’minin! Who was it that you were referring to in the khutbah when you said, ‘O Allah! Reform us and mend our ways as You did with the (previous) rightly-guided khulafa?’ With teary eyes, he exclaimed, ‘They are my beloveds, your uncles, Abu Bakr and Umar. They were (leading) men from Quraysh and paragons of guidance. They were to be followed after the Messenger of Allah. Whosoever emulated them was protected, and whoever followed in their footsteps was guided unto the Sirat al-Mustaqim (straight path). Whoever clung onto them and their normative practices was considered to be from Allah’s (special) group; and Allah’s group are truly the successful ones.” [Hilyat al-Awliyah]

Ali رضي الله عنه was once asked about Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه and so he said, “Allah referred to him with the epithet al-Siddiq upon the blessed tongue of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and Jibreel (عليه السلام). He was the deputy of the Prophet (ﷺ). The Prophet (ﷺ) was pleased with him to administer our religious affairs, and thus we are all pleased with him to administer our worldly affairs. [Hilyat al-Awliyah]

Muhammad bin al-Hanafiyyah رضي الله عنه narrated, “I asked my father (Ali bin Abi Talib), ‘Who are the best people after Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)?’ He said, ‘Abu Bakr.’ I asked, ‘Who then?’ He said, ‘Then Umar.’ I was afraid he would say Uthman, so I said, ‘Then you?’ He said, ‘I am only an ordinary person.’ [Bukhari]

Ali رضي الله عنه said, “The best of this ummah after our Prophet (ﷺ) are Abu Bakr and Umar.” [Ahmad] Imam ad-Dhahabi رحمه الله said, “This is mutawatir from Ali, so may Allah curse ar-Rafidah, how ignorant they are!” In another narration, bin Abi Layla recorded that Ali said, “Anyone who prefers me over Abu Bakr and Umar, I will lash them with the hadd punishment for inventing falsehood.”

Ali Zayn al-Abidin bin Husayn رضي الله عنه was asked, “What was the status of Abu Bakr and Umar in the eyes of the Messenger of Allah?” He gestured towards their graves and said, “Just as their relationship is with him right now.” [Siyar A'lam an-Nubalah]

Bassam al-Sayrafi said, "I asked Abu Jaʿfar (Muhammad al-Baqir) about Abu Bakr and Umar” He replied, “By Allah, I associate myself to them and I seek forgiveness for them. I have not met anyone from my household who dissociates themselves from them.” [bin Sa'ad]

Imam Abu Hanifah رحمه الله said, “I met Abu Ja’far bin Muhammad bin Ali and asked him about Abu Bakr and Umar.” He replied, “May Allaah confer His mercy upon Abu Bakr and Umar.” I remarked, “It is said in Iraq that you disassociate yourself from them!” He said, “Allah forbids! Whoever says that about me is a liar. Do you not know that Ali bin Abi Talib married off his daughter Umm Kulthum, whose mother was Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet (ﷺ) to Umar ibn al-Khattab; while her grandmother was Khadijah and her grandfather was the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)?’” [Al-Muntathim]

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir رضي الله عنه used to say, The children of Fatimah unanimously agreed to say the best about Abu Bakr and Umar." [Siyar A'lam an-Nubalah]

Urwah bin Abdullah narrated that he asked Muhammad al-Baqir رضي الله عنه regarding decorating a sword. He replied, “It is fine, Abu Bakr al-Siddiq decorated his sword.” I then said, “Do you say, ‘Al-Siddiq’?” He jumped up and faced the Qiblah, saying, “Yes, al-Siddiq! Yes, al-Siddiq! The person who does not say al-Siddiq, may Allah never let any of his statements be deemed credible in this world or in the hereafter.” 

He also said, “The person who does not acknowledge the virtue of Abu Bakr and Umar is ignorant of the Sunnah.” [Siyar A'lam an-Nubalah]

Abdullah bin Ja'far bin Abi Talib رضي الله عنه who lived through the caliphates of both Abu Bakr and Ali رضي الله عنهم said, “We were ruled by Abu Bakr, the best of the Caliphs, the most merciful towards us, and the kindest to us.” [Sharh Usul I'tiqad Ahl al-Sunnah] 

‎Ja'far as-Sadiq رضي الله عنه said, “Allah is free from the one who disassociates from Abu Bakr and Umar, Allah be pleased with them both.” [Fadhail as-Sahaba]

Ja’far as-Sadiq رضي الله عنه said, “Some of the envious zealots of Iraq claim that we speak ill of both Abu Bakr and Umar. How can that ever be, they are my fathers!” [Sharḥ al-Sunnah] 

Ja’far as-Sadiq رضي الله عنه used to proudly say, “Abu Bakr fathered me twice.” [Umdat al-Talib] 

How is this? 

  • He is Ja’far al-Sadiq bin Muhammad al-Baqir bin Ali Zayn al-Abidin bin Husayn bin Ali.
  • Abu Bakr's eldest son is Abdur Rahman and his youngest son is Muhammad. 
  • Al-Qasim bin Muhammad married Asma bint Abdur Rahman and had Fatimah who was famously known as Umm Farwah. 
  • Muhammad al-Baqir married Umm Farwah and had Ja’far as-Sadiq in 80 AH.
  • Ja’far’s mother is Umm Farwah bint al-Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abi Bakr. She is the paternal granddaughter of Muhammad bin Abi Bakr. 
  • Umm Farwah's mother is Asma bint Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr. She is the maternal granddaughter of Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr.

Imam al-Ajurri رحمه الله records that Salim bin Abu Hafs narrated, “I asked Abu Ja’far (Muhammad al-Baqir) and Ja’far about Abu Bakr and Umar. And they said, ‘O Salim, befriend them and absolve from their enemies, indeed they were imams of guidance’ - And Ja’far said to me, ‘O Salim, Abu Bakr is my grandfather. Can a man abuse his own grandfather? And may the intercession of Muhammad (​​ﷺ) not reach me o​​n the Day of Judgement, if I did not befriend them and did not absolve myself from their enemies” [Kitab al-Shari’yyah]

Zayd bin Ali رضي الله عنه said, "Abu Bakr was the leader of the Shakirin. Thereafter he recited the ayah, 'Allah will reward the Shakirin.' He then said, “To disassociate oneself form Abu Bakr is to disassociate oneself from Ali." [Siyar A'lam an-Nubalah]

Abu Khalid al-Ahmar said, "I asked Abdullah bin Hasan (al-Muthanna) about Abu Bakr and Umar and he replied, “May Allah bless them and may Allah not bless those who do not seek blessings for them.” [Tarikh Dimashq]

At the martyrdom of Umar رضي الله عنه, it is reported that Hasan رضي الله عنه said, “Whichever household does not miss Umar is indeed an evil household.” [Tabaqat al-Kubra]

After the body of Umar رضي الله عنه was bathed and shrouded, Ali رضي الله عنه entered and said, “There is no one on earth with whose deeds I would like to meet Allah with more than this shrouded man in your midst.”

Abu Bakr and Umar’s Love for the Ahl al-Bayt

Ibn Umar رضي الله عنه relates that Abu Bakr entreated the Ummah, "Honour Muhammad by (honouring) his household." [Bukhari]

He رضي الله عنه also said, "By the One Who has control of my life, maintaining good ties with the relatives of Rasulullah is more beloved to me than maintaining good ties with my own relatives." [Bukhari]

Narrated Uqbah bin al-Harith رضي الله عنه, "I saw Abu Bakr carrying Al-Hasan and saying, 'Let my father be sacrificed for you; you resemble the Prophet and not Ali,' while Ali was laughing at this. [Bukhari] This happened a few days after the passing away of the Prophet. 

Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه visited Fatimah رضي الله عنها in her final illness and said, “By Allah, I never forsook my property, my wealth, my family, and my tribe except to seek the pleasure of Allah and His Messenger and the pleasure of the Ahl al-Bayt.” He kept saying kind words to her until she was extremely pleased with him. [al-Bidayah wan Nihayah]

Abu Bakr's رضي الله عنه wife Asma bint Umays رضي الله عنها used to nurse Fatimah رضي الله عنها in her fatal illness until she breathed her last and then was also responsible of washing and shrouding her. 

Umar رضي الله عنه entered the presence of Faṭimah رضي الله عنها and said, "O Fatimah! By Allah, I have not seen anyone more beloved to Rasulullah than you. By Allah, there is no one after your father more beloved to me than you." [Al-Mustadrak]

It is reported that when the lists of names for the account books of the treasury were being recorded and stipends were being allocated, Umar bin al-Khattab رضي الله عنه put Hasan and Husayn رضي الله عنهم in their father’s category with those who had participated in the Battle of Badr. This was because of their relation to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. So each of them were allocated a sum of 50,000 Dirhams. [Tarikh Dimashq]

Jabir رضي الله عنه reports that he heard Umar bin al-Khattab رضي الله عنه telling the people after he married the daughter of Ali (Umm Kulthum) رضي الله عنه, "Will you not congratulate me? I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) affirming, 'On the Day of Qiyamah, every connection and relationship will cease except my connection and relationship.'" [al-Mu'jam al-Awsat] Umm Kulthum bint Ali رضي الله عنها would get married to Umar bin al-Khattab رضي الله عنه in 17 AH with a bridal gift (mahr) of 40,000 Dirhams.

Muhammad bin Ali bin al-Hanafiyyah رضي الله عنه reported, "Once, Umar entered and I was by my sister Umm Kulthum. Umar hugged me, and told Umm Kulthum, “Treat him with sweets.” [Siyar A'lam an-Nubalah]

Marriages between the Ahl al-Bayt and the Families of Abu Bakr and Umar

Just a few marriages between the members of Ahl al-Bayt and the families of Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه and Umar رضي الله عنه are:

  • Ali married Asma bint Umays, the widow of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq
  • Hassan bin Ali married Hafsah bint Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr
  • Ishaq bin Abdullah bin Ja’far married Umm Hakim bint Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abi Bakr
  • Muhammad al-Baqir bin Ali Zayn al-Abidin married Umm Farwah bint Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abi Bakr. They had a son named Ja’far as-Sadiq. 
  • Musa bin Abdullah bin Hasan bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib married Umm Salamah bint Muhammad bin Talhah bin Ubaydullah bin Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr. 
  • Ishaq bin Abdullah bin Ali (Zayn al-Abidin) bin Husayn bin Ali bin Abi Talib married Kulthum bint Ismail bin Abd al-Rahman bin Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abi Bakr.

  • Husayn (al-Aftas) bin Ali bin Ali (Zayn al-Abidin) bin Husayn married the daughter of Khalid bin Abi Bakr bin Abdullah bin Umar.
  • Umm Kulthum bint Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin Ali bin Abi Talib: The great-granddaughter of Ali bin Abi Talib was married to the great-grandson of Abdullah bin Umar - Abu Bakr bin Uthman bin Ubaydullah bin Abdullah bin Umar.

Some other key marriages with the families of Uthman, Az-Zubayr, and Muawiyah include:

  • Umm Kulthum bint Abdullah bin Ja’far bin Abi Talib was married to Aban, the son of Uthman bin Affan.
  • Umm al-Qasim bint Hasan bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib married the grandson of Uthman bin Affan whose name was Marwan bin Aban bin Uthman.
  • Fatimah bint Husayn bin Ali bin Abi Talib married the grandson of Uthman bin Affan whole name was Abdullah bin Amr bin Uthman.
  • Ibrahim bin Abdullah bin Hasan bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib married Ruqayyah bint Muḥammad bin Abdullah bin Amr bin Uthman bin Affan.
  • Ishaq bin Abdullah bin Ali bin Husayn bin Ali bin Abi Talib married Aishah bint Umar bin Asim bin Umar bin Uthman bin Affan.
  • Umm al-Hasan bint Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib was married to Abdullah bin Zubayr al-Awwam.
  • Ruqayyah bin al-Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib was married to Amr bin Zubayr bin al-Awwam.
  • Hasan bin Hasan bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib married Aishah bint Talhah bin Ubaydullah
  • Ramlah bint Ali bin Abi Talib married Mu’awiyah bin Marwan bin Ḥakam.
  • Nafīsah bint Zayd bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib married the Umayyad Khalifah Walid bin Abdul Malik bin Marwan.

Members of Ahl al-Bayt Named after Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Aishah

Imam bin Asakir رحمه الله recorded: Ali bin Abi Talib رضي الله عنه remarried after the demise of Faṭimah and shortly thereafter he was blessed with a son who he name Muhammad (bin al-Hanafiyyah). When he was blessed with another son thereafter, he was asked what he would name him and he replied, “After Muḥammad, he can only be named Abu Bakr.” Later when a third son was born he named him Umar, and when the next son was born he named him Uthman. He was questioned about this action of his, “How could you name your children after others first and your uncle (Abbas) last?” He answered, “Just as Allah and His Messenger placed him last.” He named his son born thereafter from Umm al-Banin al-Kilabiyyah after his uncle Abbas [Tarikh Dimashq]

Just a few of the members of Ahl al-Bayt named after Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Aishah رضي الله عنهم among many are:

The name Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه occurs around 9 times among the Ahl al-Bayt. 

  • Abu Bakr bin Ali bin Abi Talib: He was martyred at Karbala.
  • Abu Bakr bin al-Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib: He was martyred at Karabala.
  • Abu Bakr Ali Zayn al-Abidin: Abu Bakr was also the kunyah of Zayn al-Abidin.
  • Abu Bakr Ali bin Musa al-Kazim bin Ja’far al-Sadiq: Abu Bakr was the kunyah of Ali al-Rida.
  • Abu Bakr Muhammad al-Mahdi al-Muntaẓar bin al-Hasan al-Askari
  • Abu Bakr bin Abdullah bin Ja’far bin Abi Talib: He was martyred at Karbala.
  • Abu Bakr bin Hasan (al-Muthannā) bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib


The name Umar رضي الله عنه occurs around 25 times among the Ahl al-Bayt. 

  • Umar al-Atraf bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Umar bin al-Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib: He was martyred at Karbala. 
  • Umar bin Husayn bin Ali bin Abi Talib: He was martyred at Karbala.
  • Umar al-Ashraf bin Ali Zayn al-Abidin bin Ali (Zayn al-Abidin)
  • Umar bin Yahya bin al-Husayn bin Zayd al-Shahid bin Ali bin al-Husayn bin Ali bin Abi Talib
  • Umar bin Masa al-Kaẓim bin Ja’far al-Sadiq
  • Umar bin al-Hasan (al-Aftas) bin Ali bin Ali (Zayn al-Abidin) bin al-Husayn
  • Umar bin Ali bin Umar bin al-Hasan (al-Aftas) bin Ali bin Ali (Zayn al-Abidin) bin al-Husayn
  • Umar bin Muḥammad bin Umar (al-Shajari) bin Ali (al-Asghar) bin Umar (al-Ashraf) bin Ali (Zayn al-Abidin)
  • Umar bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Umar bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
  • Umar bin Muhammad bin Umar (al-Atraf) bin Ali bin Abi Talib

The name Uthman رضي الله عنه occurs around 3 times among the Ahl al-Bayt. 

  • Uthman bin Ali bin Abi Talib: He was martyred at Karbala. 
  • Uthman bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
  • Uthman bin Husayn bin Ali bin Abi Talib

The name Aishah رضي الله عنها occurs around 6 times among the Ahl al-Bayt. 

  • Aishah bint Ja’far al-Sadiq
  • Aishah bint Musa al-Kazim bin Ja’far al-Sadiq: Imam Musa had 37-38 children and only one daughter whom he named Aishah. 
  • Aishah bint Ja’far bin Musa al-Kazim bin Ja’far al-Sadiq
  • Aishah bint Ali al-Rida bin Musa al-Kazim
  • Aishah bint Ali al-Hadi bin Muḥammad al-Jawwad bin Ali al-Rida.
  • Aishah bint Muhammad bin Hasan bin Ja’far bin Hasan (al-Muthanna) bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib

The Family of Ali x Fatimah

The Family of Ali x Other Wives

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